Author Guidelines

Submitted articles should not have been previously published or be currently under consideration for publication elsewhere.


All articles must be written in UK English. If English is not your first language, please ask an English-speaking colleague to proofread your article.


All our articles are refereed through a double-blind process.


The original article should have a word count of not more than 7000 or not more than 25 pages (including appendices and references).

Submissions should use Microsoft word (*.doc) and may be format in single or double spacing, in Times News Roman size 12 font. The manuscript should be typewritten on one side of A4 paper only, leaving top and left hand margin at least 2.5 cm or one inch wide.

The text of the article should include the following:

  • Title: as short as possible, with no abbreviations or acronyms.
  • abstract: approximately 150 words, maximum 200.
  • keywords: approximately 5 - 8 words or phrases.
  • text
  • references and notes
  • tables, figure captions and figures


Title Page:

Attach a cover page containing the title of the article, the name and affiliation of each author. Enclose brief biographical notes of the author(s) with an address for correspondence. Please indicate the name of the author to whom all correspondences should be addressed to.

Subdivision of the article

Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1., 2., (then 1.1, 1.1.1, 1.1.2), 1.2, etc. The abstract is not included in section numbering.

Heading 1: Times New Roman; Size-12; Bold; for example, 1. Introduction

Heading 2: Times New Roman; Size-12; Italic; for example, 1.1 Motivation Scenario

Heading 3: Times New Roman; Size-12; for example, 5.2.3 Correlation Analysis


Author(s) should follow the latest edition of American Psychological Association (APA) style in referencing. Please visit to learn more about APA style.

You can refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Fifth Edition, ISBN 1-55798-790-4, copies of which may be ordered from or APA Order Dept., P.O.B. 2710, Hyattsville, MD 20784, USA or APA, 3 Henrietta Street, London, WC3E 8LU, UK. Details concerning this referencing style can also be found at

All the References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters "a", "b", "c", etc., placed after the year of publication.

Citations in the Text:

Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Avoid citation in the abstract. Unpublished results and personal communications should not be in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.


Reference to a Journal Publication:

Van der Geer, J., Hanraads, J. A. J., & Lupton R. A. (2000). The art of writing a scientific article. Journal of Scientific Communications, 163, 51-59.

Reference to a Book:

Strunk, W., Jr., & White, E. B. (1979). The elements of style. (3rd ed.). New York: Macmillan, (Chapter 4).

Reference to a Chapter in an Edited Book:

Mettam, G. R., & Adams, L. B. (1994). How to prepare an electronic version of your article. In B. S. Jones, & R. Z. Smith (Eds.), Introduction to the electronic age (pp. 281-304). New York: E-Publishing Inc.

Reference to a Web Source:

Smith, Joe, (1999), One of Volvo's core values. [Online] Available: (June 15, 2002)